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Sizes of the transverse foramina correlate with blood flow and dominance of vertebral arteries
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Knowing the side of the dominant vertebral artery (VA) may be of utmost importance if the VAs are at risk during spine surgery. Determination of the size of VAs is obtained by using Doppler ultrasonography ...
The long time follow-up of craniovertebral junction fixation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can have very destructive effects, especially in the cervical spine. Bone quality is poor in these patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of fusion and ...
An unexpected complication of occipitocervical stabilization surgery: retropharyngeal hematoma
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: To report a unique case of an unexpected complication of occipitocervical stabilization surgery that is retropharyngeal hematoma (RH). PURPOSE: Postoperative RH is a very rare complication and has never ...