Different pathways from transformational leadership to job satisfaction : the competing mediator roles of trust and self-efficacy
CitationGözükara Yıldız, İ., Şimşek, Ö. F. (2016). Different pathways from transformational leadership to job satisfaction : the competing mediator roles of trust and self-efficacy. Nonprofit Management & Leadership. 27.1, 59–77.
Transformational leaders are known to inspire and motivate their followers, thereby leading to enhanced job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is an intellectual concept regarding individuals' attitudes toward their jobs. This study asserts that the underlying mechanisms for transformational leadership to affect employee satisfaction are trust in the community, including the leader (that is, organization) and trust in the self, namely self-efficacy. Leadership is specifically associated with continual transformations in the higher educational context, and collectivist cultures may manifest different processes underlying the transformational leadership-satisfaction relationship. This study investigated the mediating effects of trust and self-efficacy on the relationship between transformational leadership and job satisfaction. The study sample included academicians from a nonprofit higher education institution in Turkey. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results showed that the relationship between transformational leadership and job satisfaction is fully mediated by both trust and self-efficacy. The mediator effect of trust was shown to be stronger than self-efficacy, which is assumed to be the result of the cultural context. The results are discussed in the context of employee satisfaction and cultural determinants of employee satisfaction.