Self-absorption paradox is not a paradox:Illuminating the dark side of self-consciousness
AuthorŞimşek, Ömer Faruk
MetadataShow full item record
CitationŞimşek, Ö. F. (2013). Self-absorption paradox is not a paradox:Illuminating the dark side of self-consciousness. International Journal of Psychology. 48.6, 1109–1121.
Although considered an important component of a healthy personality, self-reflection has not so far been shown to have any specific benefits for mental health. This research addresses this issue by taking into consideration two important suppressor variables, self-rumination and the need for absolute truth. The latter is an innovative variable, defined and presented in this research. The first two studies aimed to validate a new measure that acts as an operational definition of the need for absolute truth. The first study was conducted with two group of participants; the first group consisted of 129 females and 67 males, mean age ¼ 20 years, and the second 182 females and 104 males, mean age ¼ 27. In the second study, participants were 22 females and 18 males, mean age ¼ 20.5. In the final study, conducted with 296 female, 163 male participants (mean age ¼ 37), suppressor effects were tested using structural equation modeling. The results showed that by taking account of these two suppressor variables, particularly the need for absolute truth, the expected relationship between self-reflection and mental health was revealed. The need for absolute truth was shown to be crucial for understanding the effects of self-reflection on mental health, therefore it should be considered in all processes of psychotherapy.