High-order harmonic generation from Rydberg states at fixed Keldysh parameter
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KünyeBleda, E.A., Yavuz, İ., Altun, Z., Topçu, T. (2013). High-order harmonic generation from Rydberg states at fixed Keldysh parameter. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 88.4, 1-15.
Because the commonly adopted viewpoint that the Keldysh parameter γ determines the dynamical regime in strong field physics has long been demonstrated to be misleading, one can ask what happens as relevant physical parameters, such as laser intensity and frequency, are varied while γ is kept fixed. We present results from our one- and fully three-dimensional quantum simulations of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from various bound states of hydrogen with n up to 40, where the laser intensities and the frequencies are scaled from those for n = 1 in order to maintain a fixed Keldysh parameter γ< 1 for all n. We find that as we increase n while keeping γ fixed, the position of the cut-off scales in well defined manner. Moreover, a secondary plateau forms with a new cut-off, splitting the HHG plateau into two regions. First of these sub-plateaus is composed of lower harmonics, and has a higher yield than the second one. The latter extends up to the semiclassical Ip + 3.17Up cut-off. We find that this structure is universal, and the HHG spectra look the same for all n & 10 when plotted as a function of the scaled harmonic order. We investigate the n-, l- and momentum distributions to elucidate the physical mechanism leading to this universal structure.