Assessment of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis from a novel obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus marmarensis and generation of its composite scaffold via electrospinning
Denizci, Aziz Akın
Hatır Çakır, Pınar
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CitationOzgoren, T., Pinar, O., Bozdag, G., Denizci, A. A., Gunduz, O., Hatir, P. C., & Kazan, D. (2018). Assessment of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) synthesis from a novel obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus marmarensis and generation of its composite scaffold via electrospinning. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 119, 982-991. doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.08.014
In this study, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) production from a newly isolated obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus marmarensis DSM 21297 was investigated to evaluate the ability of obligate alkaliphilic strain to produce a biopolymer. Additionally, electrospun nanofibers from B. marmarensis PHB (Bm-PHB) were generated using Bm-PHB/polycaprolactone (PCL) blend to evaluate the applicability of Bm-PHB. According to the experimental results, the metabolic activity of B. marmarensis decreased the pH of the medium by generating H+ ions to initiate Bm-PHB production, which was achieved at pH below 9.0. Regarding medium components, the addition of MgSO4 center dot 7H(2)O and KH2PO4 to the medium containing 1% glucose enhanced the amount of Bm-PHB synthesis, and an approximately 60% increase in PHB concentration was obtained in the presence of mineral salts.Based on FTIR analysis, the chemical structures of Bm-PHB and commercial PHB were found to be highly similar. Additionally, the T-g and T-m values of Bm-PHB were determined to be 17.77 degrees C and 165.17 degrees C, respectively. Moreover, Bm-PHB/PCL composite scaffold was generated by electrospinning method that produced nanofibers between 150 and 400 nm in diameter, with an average of 250 nm. To our knowledge, this is the first report to produce PHB from an obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus strain and PHB scaffold.